Con el tiempo que pasa


Cuando estaba en la universidad decidí que no me iba a involucrar en política. En parte porque no me gustaba la política que se hacía por esos rumbos, a pequeña escala en la universidad y a gran escala en mi país, en el mundo; tampoco conocía (no quería conocer) alternativas. Yo me dedicaba a asuntos culturales, quería cambiar al mundo por medio de la poesía.  Prefería no opinar sobre las ideas políticas de Jorge Luis Borges o Ezra Pound y prefería hablar de las de García Márquez. Con el paso del tiempo no sólo he comprendido que si bien la ideología de un autor se ve reflejada en su obra, ésta no la hace mejor o peor. También comprendí que es importante tener una opinión, ideas claras, incluídas las políticas. Porque si uno sólo se deja llevar por la marea puede terminar en un lugar donde no quiere estar, puede terminar viviendo en su peor pesadilla y no ser consciente de qué está mal.

Hace un tiempo vi este video: Cuba: The times are changing – People & Power – Al Jazeera English. El documental contiene opiniones de cubanos a los que se les ha permitido tener un negocio propio, como un experimento capitalista. Una de las cosas que más me impresionó es que ellos están muy contentos con la oportunidad de tener algo propio, de trabajar para sí mismos pero cuando el entrevistador les pregunta sobre las medidas que han permitido el fenómeno, ellos dicen que eso ya es política y prefieren no hablar de ello. Ellos no quieren tener una opinión política. Esta postura resulta natural si consideramos los años de censura y el control, comunes en cualquier dictadura. Para mí, ello también es un signo de advertencia, un recordatorio que necesitamos para defender nuestras ideas, para no abandonarnos en la comodidad de una opinión “segura” y que va con la corriente. El capitalismo sigue siendo un ideal desconocido, muchos lo rechazan sin tener idea de cuáles son los valores fundamentales sobre los que se sustenta. Creo que ahora no sólo me llegó el tiempo de expresar mis ideas, también de cuestionarlas, discutirlas, defenderlas.

On Tolerance, Freedom and Equality


I have always believed that we are not forced to tolerate others and their ideas.  To Tolerate; is to understand others actions and beliefs without letting them (and their ideas) interfere in the code of morality we stand by.

That being said, I truly believe in freedom, equality and the respect of other’s rights.  But that doesn’t mean I am forced to tolerate them and their ideas.  To tolerate, when not affected by political opinion, is to accept that others may think and live different than I.  It is to understand and recognize they & their ideas exist.

If you are interested in learning a somehow related point of view, I recommend you to take a couple minutes and listen to the podcast of Wendy Brown at Philosophy Bites.  Wendy Brown is a teacher of Philosophy at UC Berkeley and has some interesting ideas that are worth listening.

Briefly, On the morality of Capitalism


The argument of why Capitalism is a system of justice stands on the principles of individual freedom, individual rights, freedom from any type of coercion and equality of opportunity.

For a system to be moral it needs to allow its members to not be treated immorally.  As such, capitalism allows for individuals to be able of doing whatever they please to do in order to be happy.  In a capitalist society, its members are able of pursuing whatever they wish in as much it doesn’t violates other individual’s right to be free.

In order for individuals to be free they need to have some certainty or security of what those rights to be free actually are.  Therefore, individuals need to know what their rights to be free depend upon.  Those freedoms are established by common agreements and traditions first, mores and oral commitments and in more complex and civilized societies by a Constitution and legislations.  This agreements on what an individual could do, need always to be consistent with their freedom to act, without anyone telling them what to do.

As such, in a capitalist society all the individuals will have equal rights to act upon and equal rights to demand for justice when their rights are violated.

In a capitalist society there will be rewards for the work a man does.  He will receive a salary in return for the services and work he did.  That salary is the worth of a person’s work in order to produce something.  Some individuals will earn more and others less.  Their work is not valued by the overall good he gives to society, but by the product of it.

But how can it be a moral system if the people that works harder (labor force) earns a lot less than the rich?

It may be true that a man that sells ice cream in very hot summer days provides an overall “societal” benefit that is higher to his boss’s.  However, the boss of this person who earns only 7 dollars per hour may be earning a lot more, maybe 25 dollars per hour.  This is just.  Why? Because the boss had to work in a different field in order to achieve a higher salary.  The product of his work is worth more to the owner of the ice cream company and he also had to comply with a different job profile when hired.  He had to study in College and this boss is able of making the business grow and make more money for the owner of the company.  Such as Manning’s example and all the money he makes for those companies that profit from the baseball, basketball, and other businesses.